South Texas

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Eagle Ford Shale and other formations

The Eagle Ford shale extends across portions of South Texas from the Mexican border into East Texas forming a band roughly 50 to 100 miles wide and 400 miles long.  The Eagle Ford Shale is organically rich, calcareous shale, in places transitioning to an organic, argillaceous lime-mudstone.  It lies between the deeper Buda limestone and the shallower Austin Chalk formation. Most, if not all, of the oil found in the Austin Chalk and Buda formations is generally believed to be sourced from the Eagle Ford shale.  In the prospective areas for the Eagle Ford shale, the interval averages 200 feet thick, is found at depths ranging from as shallow as 4,000 feet to as deep as 13,000 feet, and in much of the deeper portions of the play is over-pressured.  The Eagle Ford shale has a total organic carbon content of 1% to 7% that is comparable to the Haynesville shale, and is generally porous, with core-measured porosities ranging between 4% and 14%.

Most of the current Eagle Ford shale activity is concentrated in Atascosa, Bee, DeWitt, Dimmit, Frio, Gonzales, Karnes, La Salle, Lavaca, Live Oak, Maverick, McMullen, Webb, Wilson and Zavala Counties in South Texas.  The first horizontal wells drilled specifically for the Eagle Ford shale were drilled in 2008, leading to a discovery in La Salle County.  Since then, the play has expanded significantly across a large portion of South Texas.  We believe the majority of our Eagle Ford acreage is prospective predominantly for oil or liquids-rich natural gas with condensate.  In addition, we believe portions of this acreage may also be prospective for other targets, such as the Austin Chalk, Buda, Edwards and Pearsall formations, from which we would expect to produce predominantly oil and liquids.